Research is to see what everybody else has seen, and to think what nobody else has thought.

- Albert Szent-Gyorgyi

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A 20th century acceleration in global sea-level rise Church, John A and White, Neil J  
Multi‐century sea‐level records and climate models indicate an acceleration of sea‐level rise, but no 20th century acceleration has previously been detected. A reconstruction of global sea level using tide‐gauge data from 1950 to 2000 indicates a larger rate of rise after 1993 and other periods of rapid sea‐level rise but no significant acceleration over this period. Here, we extend the reconstruction of global mean sea level back to 1870 and find a sea‐level rise from January 1870 to December 2004 of 195 mm, a 20th century rate of sea … Read more
Sea-level rise as a cause of shore erosion Bruun, Per  
… Sea-Level Rise as a Cause of Shore Erosion. by P. Bruun, Serial Information: Journal of the Waterways and Harbors Division, 1962, Vol. 88, Issue 1, Pg. 117-132 Document Type: Journal Paper Abstract: It is established fact that sea level is rising slowly and irregularly; also, it seems … Read more
How much more global warming and sea level rise? Meehl, Gerald A and Washington, Warren M and Collins, William D and Arblaster, Julie M and Hu, Aixue and Buja, Lawrence E and Strand, Warren G and Teng, Haiyan  
Two global coupled climate models show that even if the concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere had been stabilized in the year 2000, we are already committed to further global warming of about another half degree and an additional 320% sea level rise caused by thermal expansion by the end of the 21st century. Projected weakening of the meridional overturning circulation in the North Atlantic Ocean does not lead to a net cooling in Europe. At any given point in time, even if concentrations are stabilized, there is a … Read more
An expert judgement assessment of future sea level rise from the ice sheets Bamber, Jonathan L and Aspinall, WP  
A major gap in predictive capability concerning the future evolution of the ice sheets was identified in the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. As a consequence, it has been suggested that the AR4 estimates of future sea-level rise from this source may have been underestimated. Various approaches for addressing this problem have been tried, including semi-empirical models and conceptual studies. Here, we report a formalized pooling of expert views on uncertainties in future ice … Read more
Global sea level rise Douglas, Bruce C  
Published values for the long‐term, global mean sea level rise determined from tide gauge records exhibit considerable scatter, from about 1 mm to 3 mm/yr. This disparity is not attributable to instrument error; long‐term trends computed at adjacent sites often agree to … Read more
A semi-empirical approach to projecting future sea-level rise Rahmstorf, Stefan  
A semi-empirical relation is presented that connects global sea-level rise to global mean surface temperature. It is proposed that, for time scales relevant to anthropogenic warming, the rate of sea-level rise is roughly proportional to the magnitude of warming above the temperatures of the pre–Industrial Age. This holds to good approximation for temperature and sea-level changes during the 20th century, with a proportionality constant of 3.4 millimeters/year per° C. When applied to future warming scenarios of the Intergovernmental … Read more
Sea-level rise and its impact on coastal zones Nicholls, Robert J and Cazenave, Anny  
Global sea levels have risen through the 20th century. These rises will almost certainly accelerate through the 21st century and beyond because of global warming, but their magnitude remains uncertain. Key uncertainties include the possible role of the Greenland and West Antarctic ice sheets and the amplitude of regional changes in sea level. In many areas, nonclimatic components of relative sea-level change (mainly subsidence) can also be locally appreciable. Although the impacts of sea-level rise are potentially large, the … Read more
Effect of sedimentation on ice-sheet grounding-line stability Alley, Richard B and Anandakrishnan, Sridhar and Dupont, Todd K and Parizek, Byron R and Pollard, David  
Sedimentation filling space beneath ice shelves helps to stabilize ice sheets against grounding-line retreat in response to a rise in relative sea level of at least several meters. Recent Antarctic changes thus cannot be attributed to sea-level rise, strengthening earlier interpretations that warming has driven ice-sheet mass loss. Large sea-level rise, such as the≈ 100-meter rise at the end of the last ice age, may overwhelm the stabilizing feedback from sedimentation, but smaller sea-level changes are unlikely to have synchronized the … Read more
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